The section of the river that runs southwest from Pittsburgh to Cairo, Illinois is around tens of thousands of years old. The Ohio River is a climatic transition area, as its water runs along the periphery of the humid continental and humid subtropical climate areas. 1:700,000. The Whether clinging to the shores of the river, or linking farms and historic river communities, the Ohio River Scenic Byway is the common thread joining a geographically broad and culturally diverse region together. The collapse took the lives of 46 people who had been crossing on the bridge at the moment of its failure. Because the river is the southern border of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, it was part of the border between free states and slave states in the years before the American Civil War. Beaver Falls, PA 15010. Although such boats cruised on the Ohio River in an oval pattern up and down, the state of Kentucky soon protested. Searchable listings of Ohio River RV parks and campgrounds. Thus Wheeling Island, the largest inhabited island in the Ohio River, belongs to West Virginia, although it is closer to the Ohio shore than to the West Virginia shore. The Ohio River becomes a tributary of the Mississippi River directly south of Cairo, Illinois, a small city on the spit of land where the rivers converge. The state park features an architecturally intriguing Interpretive Center that reflects the layers of history at the Falls of the Ohio. It is considered to separate Midwestern Great Lakes states from the Upper South states, which were historically border states in the Civil War. It is inhabited by fauna and flora of both climates. After reaching the mouth of the Ohio, settlers would travel north on the Mississippi River to St. Louis, Missouri. Before there were cities, there were colonial forts. [14] The Teays River was the largest of these rivers. Lord Dunmore's War south of the Ohio river also contributed to giving the land north to Quebec to stop further encroachment of the British colonials on native land. The Ohio River is a 981-mile (1,579 km) long river in the United States. Title from Peter Force's catalog of manuscript maps. Ohio River, East Pete Rose Way, Lytle Park Historic District, Mount Adams, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, 45202, USA (39.09323-84.50933). For thousands of years, Native Americans used the river as a major transportation and trading route. Where the river was narrow, it was the way to freedom for thousands of slaves escaping to the North, many helped by free blacks and whites of the Underground Railroad resistance movement. The McAlpine Locks and Dam, a shipping canal bypassing the rapids, now allows commercial navigation from the Forks of the Ohio at Pittsburgh to the Port of New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi on the Gulf of Mexico. The Ohio River Scenic Byway in Indiana is comprised of the following segments totaling 302.38 miles: Ohio is a Midwestern permit in the good Lakes region of the united States. The first locks on the river – the Louisville and Portland Canal – were built to circumnavigate the falls between 1825 and 1830. It is one of the tributaries of the Mississippi River which is popular for being the river’s largest tributary by volume. This Ohio River map begins in Pittsburgh, PA (where the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers meet) and ends at Cairo IL. The upper Ohio River formed when one of the glacial lakes overflowed into a south-flowing tributary of the Teays River. Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Louisville, Kentucky, The deepest point of the Ohio River is a scour hole just below Cannelton locks and dam (river mile 720.7). Water levels for the Ohio River from Smithland Lock and Dam upstream to Pittsburgh are predicted daily by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Ohio River Forecast Center. Many small rivers were altered or abandoned after the upper Ohio River formed. Along the banks of the Ohio are some of the largest cities in their respective states:[note 1] Pittsburgh, the largest city on the river and second-largest city in Pennsylvania; Cincinnati, the third-largest city in Ohio; Louisville, the largest city in Kentucky; Evansville, the third-largest city in Indiana; Owensboro, the fourth-largest city in Kentucky; and three of the five largest cities in West Virginia—Huntington (second), Parkersburg (fourth), and Wheeling (fifth). The times have been expressed by 20th-century novelists as well, such as the Nobel Prize-winning Toni Morrison, whose novel Beloved was adapted as a film of the same name. Ohio River above Cairo, IL and its tributaries. Ohio River. For a brief time, until 1851, it was the world's largest suspension bridge. The Ohio River Scenic Byway follows the Ohio River through Illinois, Indiana and Ohio ending at Steubenville, Ohio, on the river. It is 548 miles as the crow flies between Cairo and Pittsburgh, but 981 miles by water. In the five centuries before European conquest, the Mississippian culture built numerous regional chiefdoms and major earthwork mounds in the Ohio Valley, such as Angel Mounds near Evansville, Indiana, as well as in the Mississippi Valley and the Southeast. [30] The river again ranked as the most polluted in 2013 and has been the most polluted river since at least 2001, according to the Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission (ORSANCO). From there, it forms the border between West Virginia and Ohio, upstream of Wheeling, West Virginia. The Ohio River Greenway Trail is a key segment of a "major" greenway corridor being developed in the "Keystone State" and is also serving to complete an essential section in a nationally, significant linear park system through the interconnection of existing trails in five states – Maryland, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. Cincinnati skyline showing the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge to Covington, Kentucky. Details Hits: 14354. Shows river course from New Martinsville, W.Va. to Pittsburgh. The U.S. Supreme Court held that Kentucky's jurisdiction (and, implicitly, that of West Virginia) extended only to the low-water mark of 1793 (important because the river has been extensively dammed for navigation, so that the present river bank is north of the old low-water mark.) Through its largest tributary, the Tennessee River, the basin includes several states of the southeastern U.S. [11][12] In his original draft of the Land Ordinance of 1784, Thomas Jefferson proposed a new state called "Pelisipia", to the south of the Ohio River, which would have included parts of present-day Eastern Kentucky, Virginia and West Virginia.[11]. This appeased the British subjects of Canada, but angered the colonists of the Thirteen Colonies. There are hundreds of other cities, towns, villages and unincorporated populated places on the river, most of them very small. Virginian Englishman Abraham Wood's trans-Appalachian expeditions between 1654 and 1664;[15] Frenchman Robert de La Salle's putative Ohio expedition of 1669;[16] and two expeditions of Virginians sponsored by Colonel Wood: the Batts and Fallam expedition of 1671,[17] and the Needham and Arthur expedition of 1673-74. The new large river subsequently drained glacial lakes and melting glaciers at the end of the ice ages. It is inhabited by fauna and flora of both climates. Trading boats and ships traveled south on the Mississippi to New Orleans, and sometimes beyond to the Gulf of Mexico and other ports in the Americas and Europe. Portions of Route 52 in Ohio, Route 56 in Indiana, and Route 8 in Kentucky are flooded. The ports and harbors situated on the Ohio River are shown on the map and port index by country table below. The need for access to the port of New Orleans by settlers in the Ohio Valley is one of the factors that led to the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Beginning at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers nesr Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, it runs southwest, ending at the Mississippi River on the Illinois and Missouri borders. Download ORWT Cover Page (PDF) Download ORWT Map Page (PDF) Hard copies are available from the Beaver County Recreation & Tourism Office. The course forms the northern borders of West Virginia and Kentucky; and the southern borders of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, until it joins the Mississippi River at the city of Cairo, Illinois. Ohio River Water Trail Map & Guide . Forts along the Ohio river include Fort Pitt (Pennsylvania), Fort McIntosh (Pennsylvania), Fort Randolph (West Virginia), Fort Henry (West Virginia), Fort Harmar (Ohio), Fort Washington (Ohio), and Fort Nelson (Kentucky). The lake is within a 3,300-acre county park off Route 50 between Hickory and Avella; go 2.5 miles west of intersection of Routes 18 and 50. [28] More escaping slaves, estimated in the thousands, made their perilous journey north to freedom across the Ohio River than anywhere else across the north-south frontier. Ohio River is situated northeast of Birds Point. Ohio River Water Trail Map & Guide. Other cities of interest include Cairo, Illinois, at the confluence of the Ohio with the Mississippi River and the southernmost and westernmost city on the river; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the easternmost city on the river at the head or Forks of the Ohio, where the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers join to create the Ohio; and Beaver, Pennsylvania, the site of colonial Fort McIntosh and the northernmost city on the river. [10], An earlier Miami-Illinois language name was also applied to the Ohio River, Mosopeleacipi ("river of the Mosopelea" tribe). In 1749 Great Britain established the Ohio Company to settle and trade in the area. The bedrock of the Ohio Valley was mostly set during this time. The bridge had been built in 1929, and by 1967 was carrying too heavy a load for its design. The Ohio River is a climatic transition area, as its water runs along the periphery of the humid subtropical and humid continental climate areas. The map center team in addition to provides the supplementary pictures of Ohio River Locks and Dams Map in high Definition and Best mood that can be downloaded by click upon the gallery under the Ohio River Locks and Dams Map picture. The Ohio River drains to the Mississippi River which flows to the Gulf of Mexico on the Atlantic Ocean. [7][8], Native Americans, including the Lenni Lenape and Iroquois, considered the Ohio and Allegheny rivers as the same, as is suggested by a New York State road sign on Interstate 86 that refers to the Allegheny River also as Ohi:yo';[9] the Geographic Names Information System lists O-hee-yo and O-hi-o as variant names for the Allegheny. [33] The Ohio River flow is higher than that of the Mississippi River so hydrologically, the Ohio River is the main stream of the river system. Ohio river on a map. It is (980 miles) (1,557 km) in length. Backwater flooding along the Little Miami River affects basements and some first level flooding of businesses and homes, with low-lying areas from California to Newtown also experiencing this flooding. In 1763, following the war, France ceded the area to Britain, and thus to the settlers in the colonies of Britain. Where the river serves as a boundary between states today, Congress designated the entire river to belong to the states on the east and south, i.e., West Virginia and Kentucky at the time of admission to the Union, that were divided from Virginia. Rhonda Belford, Chairman Ohio River Scenic Byway PO Box 746 Rosiclare, Illinois 62982-0746 The overflowing lake carved through the separating hill and connected the rivers. Major river in the midwestern United States, The widest point on the Ohio River is just north of. Exploration of the territory and trade with the Indians in the region near the Forks brought British colonials from both Pennsylvania and Virginia across the mountains, and both colonies claimed the territory. Other states had to limit their cruises to going forwards, then reversing and going backwards on the Indiana shore only. The economic connection of the Ohio Country to the East was significantly increased in 1818 when the National Road being built westward from Cumberland, Maryland reached Wheeling, Virginia (now West Virginia), providing an easier overland connection from the Potomac River to the Ohio River. The Ohio River as a whole is ranked as the most polluted river in the United States, based on 2009 and 2010 data, although the more industrial and regional West Virginia/Pennsylvania tributary, the Monongahela River, ranked behind 16 other American rivers for water pollution at number 17. T, where in flows into the Mississippi River. Click on the yellow port icons for more information on that port. Kentucky brought suit against Indiana in the early 1980s because of the building of the never-completed Marble Hill Nuclear Power Plant in Indiana, which would have discharged its waste water into the river. Only Illinois, among the border states, has no significant cities on the river. "Good River". The Ohio River at Cairo is 281,500 cu ft/s (7,960 m3/s);[1] and the Mississippi River at Thebes, Illinois, which is upstream of the confluence, is 208,200 cu ft/s (5,897 m3/s). Cross Creek Lake. See our state high points map to learn about Campbell Hill at 1,550 feet - the highest point in Ohio. Fears that Louisville's transshipment industry would collapse proved ill-founded: the increasing size of steamships and barges on the river meant that the outdated locks could only service the smallest vessels until well after the Civil War. [29] The bridge was rebuilt about one mile downstream and in service as the Silver Memorial Bridge in 1969. The 1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix opened Kentucky to colonial settlement and established the Ohio River as a southern boundary for American Indian territory. Carl Perkins Bridge in Portsmouth, Ohio with Ohio River and Scioto River tributary on right. Detailed topographic maps and aerial photos of Ohio are available in the Geology.com store. Tennessee: all but a small part in the extreme west drained directly by the Mississippi, and a very small area in the southeastern corner which is drained by the, Ohio: 80% (all except a northern strip bordering Lake Erie, and the northwest corner), This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 17:17. In pencil: Montresor, 1776. Includes notes on the width of … Shortened in the Shawnee language to pelewa thiipi, spelewathiipi or peleewa thiipiiki, the name evolved through variant forms such as "Polesipi", "Peleson", "Pele Sipi" and "Pere Sipi", and eventually stabilized to the variant spellings "Pelisipi", "Pelisippi" and "Pellissippi". This conflict was called the French and Indian War, and would merge into the global Anglo-French struggle, the Seven Years' War. Ohio River Major Rivers of the United States Map. Beaver County Tourism. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. From Mapcarta, the free map. The Commission also noted mercury pollution as an ongoing concern, citing a 500% increase in mercury discharges between 2007 and 2013. A new route was carved to the Mississippi. In the early 1980s, the Falls of the Ohio National Wildlife Conservation Area was established at Clarksville, Indiana. The dams raise the water level and have turned the river largely into a series of reservoirs, eliminating shallow stretches and allowing for commercial navigation. The Indians and early explorers and settlers of the region also often considered the Allegheny to be part of the Ohio. Indiana's Ohio River Scenic Byway is a winding, hilly route follows the Ohio River. Most were abandoned by 1800. Notes on the State of Virginia, "The Winding River Home: Pellissippi State researches the meaning of 'Pellissippi, "Presenter re-enacts 17th-century man's journey through Kanawha Valley", "The Planting of civilization in western Pennsylvania", "Bird's Eye View of Cumberland, Maryland 1906", "Put in Master's Pocket: Interstate Slave Trading and the Black Appalachian Diaspora", "Crossing the "Dark Line": Fugitive Slaves and the Underground Railroad in Louisville and North Central Kentucky (excerpt)", "Report: Ohio River most polluted in U.S.", "Ohio River again tops list for industrial pollution", "The Lawyer Who Became DuPont's Worst Nightmare", "Water Data Report: 07022000 Mississippi River at Thebes, IL Summary Statistics", "Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution", U.S. Geological Survey: PA stream gauging stations, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ohio_River&oldid=992699239, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Miami-Illinois-language text, Articles containing Shawnee-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Ohio River has 9 ports and harbors. At Paducah, Kentucky, in the south, near the Ohio's confluence with the Mississippi, it is ice-free year-round. at least 25,000 and among the 10 largest in the state, and whose municipal boundary comes within less than a mile of the river. Before the river was created, large parts of North America were covered by water forming a saltwater lake about 200 miles across and 400 miles in length. Its current gentle, waters clear, and bosom smooth and unbroken by rocks and rapids, a single instance only excepted. Less than 2 miles above Originally applied just to the Ohio River, the "Pelisipi" name later was variously applied back and forth between the Ohio River and the Clinch River in Virginia and Tennessee. Toll-Free: 800-342-8192. The river is sometimes considered as the western extension of the Mason–Dixon Line that divided Pennsylvania from Maryland, and thus part of the border between free and slave territory, and between the Northern and Southern United States or Upper South. It is the source of drinking water for three million people.[3]. Therefore, commercial maritime traffic, i.e., tow boats with barges and passenger vessels, have the ability, and authority, to utilize any and all of the Ohio River for navigation. [34] The water depth predictions are relative to each local flood plain based upon predicted rainfall in the Ohio River basin in five reports as follows: The water levels for the Ohio River from Smithland Lock and Dam to Cairo, Illinois, are predicted by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Lower Mississippi River Forecast Center.[35]. The largest tributaries of the Ohio by discharge volume are: By drainage basin area, the largest tributaries are:[36], The largest tributaries by length are:[36], Major tributaries of the river, in order from the head to the mouth of the Ohio, include:[36]. Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, the bestselling novel that fueled abolitionist work, was the best known of the anti-slavery novels that portrayed such escapes across the Ohio. Eventually the upper and middle sections combined to form what is essentially the modern Ohio River. The valley grew during and following the ice age.